Amos chapter 1

Amos is a herdsmen from Tekoa. He says the LORD God will roar judgment against Damascus, Gaza, Tyre, Edom, and Ammon.

 


 

INTRODUCTION

 

VERSE 1. The words of Amos, who was among the herdsmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.

NAB translation. The words of Amos, a shepherd from Tekoa, which he received in vision concerning Israel, in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake:

Amos, a shepherd. Amos was a “layperson,” a simple shepherd. He
wasn’t a priest or a Levite, a scribe or scholar.

from Tekoa. Tekoa was seven miles south of Bethlehem.

2 Samuel 14:2. Joab sent to Tekoa, and brought a wise woman from there, and said to her, “Please act like a mourner, and put on mourning clothing, please, and don’t anoint yourself with oil, but be as a woman who has mourned a long time for the dead.

Jeremiah 6:1. Flee for safety, you children of Benjamin, out of the middle of Jerusalem! Blow the shofar in Tekoa and raise up a signal on Beth Haccherem, for evil looks out from the north with a great destruction.

Amos 1:1. The words of Amos, who was among the herdsmen of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.

which he received in vision. He “saw” or “heard” these things.

in the days of Jeroboam. Jeroboam reigned from 786 to 756 BC.

 

VERSE 2. He said: “The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the pastures of the shepherds will mourn, and the top of Carmel will wither.”

NIV translation. He said: “The Lord roars from Zion and thunders from Jerusalem; the pastures of the shepherds dry up, and the top of Carmel withers.”

The LORD will roar. The LORD God will roar: Israel and the other nations are about to be violently judged for their sins.

the pastures of the shepherds. In our day, the word “shepherd”
is often taken to mean “Christian Leader.” Similarly, the word
“pasture” is often understood to mean “church.”

dry up. In our day, the “pastures” (churches) of many “shepherds” (leaders) has indeed been drying up.

 

JUDGMENT AGAINST DAMASCUS

 

VERSE 3. The LORD says: “For three transgressions of Damascus, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron;

This verse is fantastic! Would you consider memorizing it? More great verses to memorize from the Book of Amos and from the entire Bible.

they have threshed Gilead with threshing instruments of iron. They had done evil to the LORD God’s people.

 

VERSE 4. but I will send a fire into the house of Hazael, and it will devour the palaces of Ben Hadad.

This verse is fantastic! Would you consider memorizing it? More great verses to memorize from the Book of Amos and from the entire Bible.

I will send a fire. People’s actions eventually catch up with them.

Galatians 6:7. Be not deceived; God is not mocked: for whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap. (KJV translation)

 

VERSE 5. I will break the bar of Damascus, and cut off the inhabitant from the valley of Aven, and him who holds the scepter from the house of Eden; and the people of Syria shall go into captivity to Kir,” says the LORD.

This verse is fantastic! Would you consider memorizing it? More great verses to memorize from the Book of Amos and from the entire Bible.

the bar of Damascus. This was a beam that secured the main gate of the city against invaders.

 

JUDGMENT AGAINST GAZA

 

VERSE 6. The LORD says: “For three transgressions of Gaza, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because they carried away captive the whole community, to deliver them up to Edom;

Judgment roars against four of the five main Philistine cities:

  1. Gaza. See verse 6 and verse 7
  2. Ashdod. See verse 8
  3. Ashkelon. See verse 8
  4. Ekron. See verse 8
  5. Gath. It is not mentioned. It was already in ruins at the time of Amos.

they carried away captive the whole community. The Philistines had captured whole communities in slave raids and sold them for commercial profit.

 

VERSE 7. but I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza, and it will devour its palaces.

I will send a fire on the wall of Gaza. The five Philistine cities will be completely annihilated.

 

VERSE 8. I will cut off the inhabitant from Ashdod, and him who holds the scepter from Ashkelon; and I will turn my hand against Ekron; and the remnant of the Philistines will perish,” says the Lord GOD.

 

JUDGMENT AGAINST TYRE

 

VERSE 9. The LORD says: “For three transgressions of Tyre, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because they delivered up the whole community to Edom, and didn’t remember the brotherly covenant;

Tyre. This was the leading city of Phoenicia.

the brotherly covenant. In 1 Kings chapter 5, Hiram of Tyre had made a treaty of brotherhood with Solomon.

 

VERSE 10. but I will send a fire on the wall of Tyre, and it will devour its palaces.”

I will send a fire on the wall of Tyre. After besieging it for seven months, Alexander the Great overran the city of Tyre in 332 BC.

devour its palaces. In that attack, 6,000 people were slain, 2,000 were crucified, and 30,000 were sold as slaves.

 

JUDGMENT AGAINST EDOM

 

VERSE 11. The LORD says: “For three transgressions of Edom, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because he pursued his brother with the sword, and cast off all pity, and his anger raged continually, and he kept his wrath forever;

 

VERSE 12. but I will send a fire on Teman, and it will devour the palaces of Bozrah.”

Teman. It was Edom’s largest southern city.

Bozrah. It was Edom’s fortress stronghold in the north.

 

JUDGMENT AGAINST AMMON

 

VERSE 13. The LORD says: “For three transgressions of the children of Ammon, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because they have ripped open the pregnant women of Gilead, that they may enlarge their border.

ripped open the pregnant women of Gilead. This atrocity was sometimes an aspect of ancient warfare. It terrorized the enemy.

 

VERSE 14. But I will kindle a fire in the wall of Rabbah, and it will devour its palaces, with shouting in the day of battle, with a storm in the day of the whirlwind;

 

VERSE 15. and their king will go into captivity, he and his princes together,” says the LORD.

 


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