Amos chapter 4

Amos compares the upper-class women to cows of Bashan because of their economic exploitation. They refused to repent.

 


 

THEIR ECONOMIC EXPLOITATION

 

VERSE 1. Listen to this word, you cows of Bashan, who are on the mountain of Samaria, who oppress the poor, who crush the needy, who tell their husbands, “Bring us drinks!”

you cows of Bashan. Amos calls the upper-class women “cows of Bashan.” It was quite an insult.

Bashan. This was a region east of the Sea of Galilee.

 

VERSE 2. The Lord GOD has sworn by his holiness that behold, “The days shall come on you that they will take you away with hooks, and the last of you with fish hooks.

The Lord GOD has sworn by his holiness. The LORD God vows that these society women will be dragged from the city to captivity or to death.

 

VERSE 3. You will go out at the breaks in the wall, everyone straight before her; and you will cast yourselves into Harmon,” says the LORD.

 

VERSE 4. “Go to Bethel, and sin; to Gilgal, and sin more. Bring your sacrifices every morning, your tithes every three days,

 

VERSE 5. offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving of that which is leavened, and proclaim free will offerings and brag about them: for this pleases you, you children of Israel,” says the Lord GOD.

leavened. To offer leavened bread (instead of unleavened) is an unusual sacrifice.

 

THEY REFUSED TO REPENT

 

VERSE 6. “I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and lack of bread in every town; yet you haven’t returned to me,” says the LORD.

you haven’t returned to me. In this section the LORD God reviews the many ways he had chastened them, and to which they refused to repent:

CHASTISEMENT VERSE
Hunger Verse 6
Drought Verse 7 and verse 8
Blight and mildew Verse 9
Locusts Verse 9
Plagues Verse 10
Military defeat Verse 10
Devastation Verse 11

 

VERSE 7. “I also have withheld the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest; and I caused it to rain on one city, and caused it not to rain on another city. One place was rained on, and the piece where it didn’t rain withered.

 

VERSE 8. So two or three cities staggered to one city to drink water, and were not satisfied: yet you haven’t returned to me,” says the LORD.

you haven’t returned to me. This sums up the message of the prophets: “Return to me, the LORD God.”

 

VERSE 9. “I struck you with blight and mildew many times in your gardens and your vineyards; and the swarming locusts have devoured your fig trees and your olive trees; yet you haven’t returned to me,” says the LORD.

 

VERSE 10. “I sent plagues among you like I did Egypt. I have slain your young men with the sword, and have carried away your horses; and I filled your nostrils with the stench of your camp, yet you haven’t returned to me,” says the LORD.

the stench of your camp. To the LORD God, their camp was a stench in his nostrils.

 

VERSE 11. “I have overthrown some of you, as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and you were like a burning stick plucked out of the fire; yet you haven’t returned to me,” says the LORD.

 

VERSE 12. “Therefore thus I will do to you, Israel; because I will do this to you, prepare to meet your God, Israel.

prepare to meet your God. This is fire and brimstone.

 

VERSE 13. For, behold, he who forms the mountains, and creates the wind, and declares to man what is his thought; who makes the morning darkness, and treads on the high places of the earth: The LORD, the God of Hosts, is his name.”

 


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