Exodus chapter 29

Aaron is made a priest. Animals are killed for Aaron’s ordination. Animals are to be killed every day.

 


 

AARON IS MADE A PRIEST

 

VERSE 1. “This is the thing that you shall do to them to make them holy, to minister to me in the priest’s office: take one young bull and two rams without defect,

make them holy. The Hebrew word is לְקַדֵּ֥שׁ (“lə·qad·dêš”). It means “to be set apart.” In other words, to be assigned a particular job, in lieu of other jobs.

In our day many people imagine that “to be holy” means to be morally superior. Or to be closer to God.  But it only means to be assigned a particular job.

 

VERSE 2. unleavened bread, unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil. You shall make them of fine wheat flour.

make them of fine wheat flour. If Aaron were gluten-intolerant, or a celiac, he could not have become a priest.

 

VERSE 3. You shall put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bull and the two rams.

 

VERSE 4. You shall bring Aaron and his sons to the door of the Tent of Meeting, and shall wash them with water.

and his sons. The sons of Aaron will also be made priests.

 

VERSE 5. You shall take the garments, and put on Aaron the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the ephod, and the breastplate, and clothe him with the skillfully woven band of the ephod.

the garments. These were described in the previous chapter.

 

VERSE 6. You shall set the turban on his head, and put the holy crown on the turban.

 

VERSE 7. Then you shall take the anointing oil, and pour it on his head, and anoint him.

anointing. This is the act by which Aaron was made a priest.

The Hebrew word is וְיָצַקְתָּ֖ (“wə·yā·ṣaq·tā”). It means “to pour.” Oil was poured on Aaron.

There was so much oil that it ran down his beard:

Psalm 133:2. It is like the precious oil on the head, that ran down on the beard, even Aaron’s beard; that came down on the edge of his robes;

In our day, in Christian churches, “to anoint” means to be lightly dabbed with a ball of cotton, into which was soaked a tiny little bit of oil.

This common Christian practice is nothing at all like the biblical mandate of pouring.

 

VERSE 8. You shall bring his sons, and put tunics on them.

put tunics on them. Aaron’s sons wear the garb, but are NOT anointed.

 

VERSE 9. You shall clothe them with belts, Aaron and his sons, and bind headbands on them. They shall have the priesthood by a perpetual statute. You shall consecrate Aaron and his sons.

the priesthood by a perpetual statute. Aaron and his sons are priests forever.

 

ANIMALS ARE KILLED FOR AARON’S ORDINATION

 

VERSE 10. “You shall bring the bull before the Tent of Meeting; and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the bull.

lay their hands on the head of the bull. The priest lays his hands on the animal to be sacrificed.

In later centuries, this act would be seen as the transferral of guilt. Guilt would pass from the congregation to the priest, and from the priest to the sacrificial animal.

 

VERSE 11. You shall kill the bull before the LORD at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

kill the bull. This is the first animal that is killed for the sake of this religious event.

Many people find it morally objectionable that a religion requires the killing of innocent animals.

 

VERSE 12. You shall take of the blood of the bull, and put it on the horns of the altar with your finger; and you shall pour out all the blood at the base of the altar.

 

VERSE 13. You shall take all the fat that covers the innards, the cover of the liver, the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, and burn them on the altar.

burn them on the altar. This is the first burnt offering.

 

VERSE 14. But the meat of the bull, and its skin, and its dung, you shall burn with fire outside of the camp. It is a sin offering.

a sin offering. In our day, most Christians think of sin as a moral failure. They lied or cheated or had an affair or ignored a stop sign.

And they project their own notion of sin onto the Old Testament people.

However, for the Old Testament people, to sin almost always meant to break a law about liturgy. Or sacrifice.

 

VERSE 15. “You shall also take the one ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the ram.

 

VERSE 16. You shall kill the ram, and you shall take its blood, and sprinkle it around on the altar.

kill the ram. This is the second animal that is killed for the sake of this religious event.

Many people find it morally objectionable that a religion requires the killing of innocent animals.

 

VERSE 17. You shall cut the ram into its pieces, and wash its innards, and its legs, and put them with its pieces, and with its head.

 

VERSE 18. You shall burn the whole ram on the altar: it is a burnt offering to the LORD; it is a pleasant aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD.

it is a pleasant aroma. We have been told that a burning corpse does NOT have a pleasant smell.

 

VERSE 19. “You shall take the other ram, and Aaron and his sons shall lay their hands on the head of the ram.

 

VERSE 20. Then you shall kill the ram, and take some of its blood, and put it on the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and on the tip of the right ear of his sons, and on the thumb of their right hand, and on the big toe of their right foot; and sprinkle the blood around on the altar.

kill the ram. This is the third animal that is killed for the sake of this religious event.

Many people find it morally objectionable that a religion requires the killing of innocent animals.

 

VERSE 21. You shall take of the blood that is on the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it on Aaron, and on his garments, and on his sons, and on the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be made holy, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons’ garments with him.

sprinkle it on Aaron. This is a festival of blood. They are sprinkling blood on people.

Can you imagine if your church did this? Everybody would flee for their lives!

 

VERSE 22. Also you shall take some of the ram’s fat, the fat tail, the fat that covers the innards, the cover of the liver, the two kidneys, the fat that is on them, and the right thigh (for it is a ram of consecration),

 

VERSE 23. and one loaf of bread, one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of unleavened bread that is before the LORD.

 

VERSE 24. You shall put all of this in Aaron’s hands, and in his sons’ hands, and shall wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.

a wave offering. This is the first wave offering.

 

VERSE 25. You shall take them from their hands, and burn them on the altar on the burnt offering, for a pleasant aroma before the LORD: it is an offering made by fire to the LORD.

a pleasant aroma. We have been told that a burning corpse does not have a pleasant smell.

 

VERSE 26. “You shall take the breast of Aaron’s ram of consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD. It shall be your portion.

It shall be your portion. The Wave Offering was to be eaten by Aaron and his sons.

 

VERSE 27. You shall sanctify the breast of the wave offering and the thigh of the wave offering, which is waved, and which is raised up, of the ram of consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons.

 

VERSE 28. It shall be for Aaron and his sons as their portion forever from the children of Israel; for it is a wave offering. It shall be a wave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifices of their peace offerings, even their wave offering to the LORD.

 

VERSE 29. “The holy garments of Aaron shall be for his sons after him, to be anointed in them, and to be consecrated in them.

 

VERSE 30. Seven days shall the son who is priest in his place put them on, when he comes into the Tent of Meeting to minister in the holy place.

the son who is priest. The sons of Aaron take turns being the main priest for a week.

 

VERSE 31. “You shall take the ram of consecration and boil its meat in a holy place.

 

VERSE 32. Aaron and his sons shall eat the meat of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

eat the meat of the ram. The religious system of animal sacrifices will be a food-supply for Aaron and his sons.

 

VERSE 33. They shall eat those things with which atonement was made, to consecrate and sanctify them; but a stranger shall not eat of it, because they are holy.

a stranger shall not eat of it, because they are holy. The priests would eat from the sacrifice. But laypeople would not.

This concept sometimes gets misappropriated by the Christian community.

Holy Communion is sometimes misrepresented as being too holy for laypeople, and so only the priest consumes it.

This is problematic for three reasons:

Reason 1. Jesus said, “Take this, all of you, and eat it …”

Reason 2. Modern-day clerics are not morally superior to laypeople. In fact, they are often worse. Much worse.

Reason 3. Modern-day laypeople are not morally inferior to clerics. In fact, they are often better. Much better.

 

VERSE 34. If anything of the meat of the consecration, or of the bread, remains to the morning, then you shall burn the remainder with fire. It shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

It shall not be eaten. Animal meat that is left out overnight will become rancid. And very high in histamines.

 

VERSE 35. “You shall do so to Aaron and to his sons, according to all that I have commanded you. You shall consecrate them seven days.

consecrate them seven days. This religious event will last seven days.

 

VERSE 36. Every day you shall offer the bull of sin offering for atonement. You shall cleanse the altar when you make atonement for it. You shall anoint it, to sanctify it.

 

VERSE 37. Seven days you shall make atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and the altar shall be most holy. Whatever touches the altar shall be holy.

 

ANIMALS ARE KILLED EVERY DAY

 

VERSE 38. “Now this is that which you shall offer on the altar: two lambs a year old day by day continually.

day by day continually. On every day they will kill two lambs.

Many people find it morally objectionable that a religion requires the killing of innocent animals.

 

VERSE 39. The one lamb you shall offer in the morning; and the other lamb you shall offer at evening;

 

VERSE 40. and with the one lamb a tenth part of an efah of fine flour mixed with the fourth part of a hin of beaten oil, and the fourth part of a hin of wine for a drink offering.

an efah. One efah is about 2/3 of a bushel.

a hin. One hin is about 1.7 gallons. So a fourth of a hin is about 1.6 liters.

 

VERSE 41. The other lamb you shall offer at evening, and shall do to it according to the meal offering of the morning and according to its drink offering, for a pleasant aroma, an offering made by fire to the LORD.

 

VERSE 42. It shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the Tent of Meeting before the LORD, where I will meet with you, to speak there to you.

 

VERSE 43. There I will meet with the children of Israel; and the place shall be sanctified by my glory.

There I will meet with the children of Israel. The LORD God will meet them at the altar.

the place shall be sanctified by my glory. The altar is not holy in and of itself. Rather, it is the LORD God’s presence that makes the altar holy.

 

VERSE 44. I will sanctify the Tent of Meeting and the altar. I will also sanctify Aaron and his sons to minister to me in the priest’s office.

 

VERSE 45. I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.

 

VERSE 46. They shall know that I am the LORD their God, who brought them out of the land of Egypt, that I might dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.

that I might dwell among them. The LORD God brought them out of Egypt so he could dwell among them.

 


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EXODUS

CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 3940

RESOURCES: Summary, Outline, Memorize, Pharaoh’s Heart, Moses’ fast

Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.