Prince Shechem rapes Dinah. Dinah’s brothers avenge their sister.
VERSE 1. Dinah, the daughter of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob, went out to see the daughters of the land.
VERSE 2. Shechem the son of Hamor the Hivite, the prince of the land, saw her. He took her, lay with her, and humbled her.
He took her, lay with her, and humbled her. A terrible thing happened. It was an unspeakably heinous crime.
Prince Shechem raped Dinah.
This is the first incidence of rape in the biblical narrative.
VERSE 3. His soul joined to Dinah, the daughter of Jacob, and he loved the young lady, and spoke kindly to the young lady.
he loved the young lady. Some sexual abusers delude themselves into thinking they are in love with their victim.
Of course, sexual abusers are NOT in love with their victims. They are abusers.
VERSE 4. Shechem spoke to his father, Hamor, saying, “Get me this young lady as a wife.”
VERSE 5. Now Jacob heard that he had defiled Dinah, his daughter; and his sons were with his livestock in the field. Jacob held his peace until they came.
VERSE 6. Hamor the father of Shechem went out to Jacob to talk with him.
VERSE 7. The sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard it. The men were grieved, and they were very angry, because he had done folly in Israel in lying with Jacob’s daughter, a thing that ought not to be done.
The men were grieved. They were stunned.
and they were very angry. They seethed with indignation.
What Shechem had done was a heinous thing. It was an outrage. It could not be tolerated.
he had done folly. No one could violate a daughter of Israel. Such a thing was unheard-of. It was an especially heinous crime.
We see their strong reaction as reflecting the biblical norm of the rights of women.
VERSE 8. Hamor talked with them, saying, “The soul of my son, Shechem, longs for your daughter. Please give her to him as a wife.
VERSE 9. Make marriages with us. Give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves.
VERSE 10. You shall dwell with us, and the land will be before you. Live and trade in it, and get possessions in it.”
VERSE 11. Shechem said to her father and to her brothers, “Let me find favor in your eyes, and whatever you will tell me I will give.
VERSE 12. Ask me a great amount for a dowry, and I will give whatever you ask of me, but give me the young lady as a wife.”
VERSE 13. The sons of Jacob answered Shechem and Hamor his father with deceit when they spoke, because he had defiled Dinah their sister,
VERSE 14. and said to them, “We can’t do this thing, to give our sister to one who is uncircumcised; for that is a reproach to us.
VERSE 15. Only on this condition will we consent to you. If you will be as we are, that every male of you be circumcised,
VERSE 16. then will we give our daughters to you; and we will take your daughters to us, and we will dwell with you, and we will become one people.
VERSE 17. But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our sister, and we will be gone.”
our sister. Literally, our “daughter.”
VERSE 18. Their words pleased Hamor and Shechem, Hamor’s son.
VERSE 19. The young man didn’t wait to do this thing, because he had delight in Jacob’s daughter, and he was honored above all the house of his father.
VERSE 20. Hamor and Shechem, his son, came to the gate of their city, and talked with the men of their city, saying,
VERSE 21. “These men are peaceful with us. Therefore let them live in the land and trade in it. For behold, the land is large enough for them. Let’s take their daughters to us for wives, and let’s give them our daughters.
VERSE 22. Only on this condition will the men consent to us to live with us, to become one people, if every male among us is circumcised, as they are circumcised.
VERSE 23. Won’t their livestock and their possessions and all their animals be ours? Only let’s give our consent to them, and they will dwell with us.”
VERSE 24. All who went out of the gate of his city listened to Hamor, and to Shechem his son; and every male was circumcised, all who went out of the gate of his city.
VERSE 25. On the third day, when they were sore, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, Dinah’s brothers, each took his sword, came upon the unsuspecting city, and killed all the males.
Dinah’s brothers … killed all the males. In those days, there was no possibility of secure incarceration. Rehabilitation was a concept not yet even in existence.
The only way to protect society involved severe measures.
No matter what the cost, the children of Jacob couldn’t let this terrible thing go unpunished.
In their worldview, men who mistreat women could not be allowed to exist on the planet.
They exterminated every male of that tribe. They erased their genetic lineage from human history.
But in our day, many Christians see it very differently. When they hear that a Christian leader has sexually assaulted a woman:
- They trivialize it.
- They make excuses for it, saying, “Men will be men.”
- They blame the woman. This is called victim-shaming.
VERSE 26. They killed Hamor and Shechem, his son, with the edge of the sword, and took Dinah out of Shechem’s house, and went away.
VERSE 27. Jacob’s sons came on the dead, and plundered the city, because they had defiled their sister.
VERSE 28. They took their flocks, their herds, their donkeys, that which was in the city, that which was in the field,
VERSE 29. and all their wealth. They took captive all their little ones and their wives, and took as plunder everything that was in the house.
VERSE 30. Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have troubled me, to make me odious to the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanites and the Perizzites. I am few in number. They will gather themselves together against me and strike me, and I will be destroyed, I and my house.”
VERSE 31. They said, “Should he deal with our sister as with a prostitute?”
CHAPTERS: 01, 02, 03, 04, 05, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.