Guilt offerings. Peace offerings. Don’t eat ritually sacrificed animal fat. Don’t eat blood. The portion for the priests.
Note: Many people find it morally objectionable that a religion requires the killing of innocent animals.
the trespass offering. That is, the “guilt” offering.
VERSE 2. In the place where they kill the burnt offering, he shall kill the trespass offering; and its blood he shall sprinkle around on the altar.
he shall kill. Who is “he”?
offer all of its fat. Animal fat is prized.
VERSE 4. and he shall take away the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the loins, and the cover on the liver, with the kidneys;
VERSE 5. and the priest shall burn them on the altar for an offering made by fire to the LORD: it is a trespass offering.
VERSE 6. Every male among the priests may eat of it. It shall be eaten in a holy place. It is most holy.
Every male among the priests. Any male in a priest family may eat it.
eaten in a holy place. It can only be eaten in a holy place.
VERSE 7. “ ‘As is the sin offering, so is the trespass offering; there is one law for them. The priest who makes atonement with them shall have it.
sin offering … trespass offering. Both a sin offering and a guilt offering are done in the same manner.
VERSE 8. The priest who offers any man’s burnt offering shall have for himself the skin of the burnt offering which he has offered.
VERSE 9. Every meal offering that is baked in the oven, and all that is prepared in the pan and on the griddle, shall be the priest’s who offers it.
VERSE 10. Every meal offering, mixed with oil or dry, belongs to all the sons of Aaron, one as well as another.
VERSE 11. “ ‘This is the law of the sacrifice of peace offerings, which one shall offer to the LORD:
VERSE 12. If he offers it for a thanksgiving, then he shall offer with the sacrifice of thanksgiving unleavened cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened wafers anointed with oil, and cakes mixed with oil.
VERSE 13. He shall offer his offering with the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving with cakes of leavened bread.
cakes of leavened bread. In this instance, leavened bread is required.
VERSE 14. Of it he shall offer one out of each offering for a heave offering to the LORD. It shall be the priest’s who sprinkles the blood of the peace offerings.
VERSE 15. The flesh of the sacrifice of his peace offerings for thanksgiving shall be eaten on the day of his offering. He shall not leave any of it until the morning.
VERSE 16. “ ‘But if the sacrifice of his offering is a vow, or a free will offering, it shall be eaten on the day that he offers his sacrifice. On the next day what remains of it shall be eaten,
the third day. This may have simply been an issue of how long the meat would remain fresh.
Without refrigeration, cooked meat spoils quickly.
For us Christians, the notion of “the third day” brings to mind the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
VERSE 18. If any of the meat of the sacrifice of his peace offerings is eaten on the third day, it will not be accepted, and it shall not be credited to him who offers it. It will be an abomination, and the soul who eats any of it will bear his iniquity.
VERSE 19. “ ‘The meat that touches any unclean thing shall not be eaten. It shall be burned with fire. As for the meat, everyone who is clean may eat it;
VERSE 20. but the soul who eats of the meat of the sacrifice of peace offerings that belongs to the LORD, having his uncleanness on him, that soul shall be cut off from his people.
VERSE 21. When anyone touches any unclean thing, the uncleanness of man, or an unclean animal, or any unclean abomination, and eats some of the meat of the sacrifice of peace offerings which belong to the LORD, that soul shall be cut off from his people.’ ”
VERSE 22. The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
VERSE 23. “Speak to the children of Israel, saying, ‘You shall eat no fat, of bull, or sheep, or goat.
eat no fat. This seems to be a prohibition against eating animal fat. However, it is not.
We see in verse 25 below that it is a prohibition against eating animal fat that has been sacrificed to the LORD God.
VERSE 24. The fat of that which dies of itself, and the fat of that which is torn of animals, may be used for any other service, but you shall in no way eat of it.
VERSE 25. For whoever eats the fat of the animal which men offer as an offering made by fire to the LORD, even the soul who eats it shall be cut off from his people.
eats the fat of the animal which men offer as an offering. This is a prohibition against eating animal fat that has been sacrificed to the LORD God.
The Hebrew word for “fat” in this verse is חֵ֫לֶב (“chelev”). It means fat portions (i.e. “chunks”).
According to rabbinical interpretation, chelev is the type of fat that looks like a thick fibrous skin. It is seen on the digestive organs, on the kidneys and on the flanks.
It is clear in the scientific literature that many ancestral peoples ate a diet that was very high in animal fat.
- The Inuit of the Canadian Arctic thrived on fish, seal, walrus and whale meat.
- The Chukotka of the Russian Arctic lived on caribou meat, marine animals and fish.
- The Masai, Samburu, and Rendille warriors of East Africa survived on diets consisting primarily of milk and meat.
- The steppe nomads of Mongolia ate mostly meat and dairy products.
- The Sioux of South Dakota enjoyed a diet of buffalo meat.
- The Brazilian Gauchos nourished themselves with beef
Reference: Georgia Ede, MD
VERSE 26. You shall not eat any blood, whether it is of bird or of animal, in any of your dwellings.
You shall not eat any blood. In the Old Covenant, they were forbidden from drinking blood.
So why did Jesus Christ command us to drink his blood?
VERSE 27. Whoever it is who eats any blood, that soul shall be cut off from his people.’ ”
VERSE 28. The LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
VERSE 29. “Speak to the children of Israel, saying, ‘He who offers the sacrifice of his peace offerings to the LORD shall bring his offering to the LORD out of the sacrifice of his peace offerings.
VERSE 30. With his own hands he shall bring the offerings of the LORD made by fire. He shall bring the fat with the breast, that the breast may be waved for a wave offering before the LORD.
VERSE 31. The priest shall burn the fat on the altar, but the breast shall be Aaron’s and his sons’.
VERSE 32. The right thigh you shall give to the priest for a heave offering out of the sacrifices of your peace offerings.
a heave offering. What is that?
VERSE 33. He among the sons of Aaron who offers the blood of the peace offerings, and the fat, shall have the right thigh for a portion.
VERSE 34. For the waved breast and the heaved thigh I have taken from the children of Israel out of the sacrifices of their peace offerings, and have given them to Aaron the priest and to his sons as their portion forever from the children of Israel.’ ”
VERSE 35. This is the consecrated portion of Aaron, and the consecrated portion of his sons, out of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, in the day when he presented them to minister to the LORD in the priest’s office;
VERSE 36. which the LORD commanded to be given them of the children of Israel, in the day that he anointed them. It is their portion forever throughout their generations.
VERSE 37. This is the law of the burnt offering, the meal offering, the sin offering, the trespass offering, the consecration, and the sacrifice of peace offerings
VERSE 38. which the LORD commanded Moses in Mount Sinai in the day that he commanded the children of Israel to offer their offerings to the LORD, in the wilderness of Sinai.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.