The royal scribes of king Hezekiah collected more than 100 of Solomon’s proverbs. That collection continues in this chapter.
KJV translation: BOAST not thyself of to morrow; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth.
you don’t know. Lots of us plan for the future. But we don’t even know what will happen tomorrow. We should say “God-willing” and speak tentatively of our future. Read more »
not your own mouth. If you praise yourself, you are prideful.
a fool’s provocation. That is, letting a fool provoke you.
is heavier. Letting a fool provoke you is a heavy burden.
VERSE 4. Wrath is cruel, and anger is overwhelming; but who is able to stand before jealousy?
open rebuke. Fraternal correction is evidence of brotherly love.
VERSE 6. Faithful are the wounds of a friend; although the kisses of an enemy are profuse.
VERSE 7. A full soul loathes a honeycomb; but to a hungry soul, every bitter thing is sweet.
VERSE 8. As a bird that wanders from her nest, so is a man who wanders from his home.
earnest counsel from a man’s friend. Good advice helps to lift our burdens.
VERSE 10. Don’t forsake your friend and your father’s friend. Don’t go to your brother’s house in the day of your disaster: better is a neighbor who is near than a distant brother.
bring joy to my heart. This repeats the familiar theme from Solomon that a wise son brings joy to his father’s heart.
VERSE 12. A prudent man sees danger and takes refuge; but the simple pass on, and suffer for it.
VERSE 13. Take his garment when he puts up collateral for a stranger. Hold it for a wayward woman!
will be taken as a curse. Timing and sensitivity to others who are sleeping are important.
a contentious wife. This repeats the familiar theme from Solomon about an annoying wife. He is quick to blame the wife, but hardly ever blames the husband. He does not talk about an annoying husband.
VERSE 16. restraining her is like restraining the wind, or like grasping oil in his right hand.
NIV translation: As iron sharpens iron, so one man sharpens another.
one man sharpens another. A close spiritual friend is one of the greatest allies you can have in the spiritual life. You “sharpen” one another. You fire one another up for Jesus Christ and living the faith. Do you have a spiritual friend? If not, how can you start to look for one?
Whoever tends the fig tree. To be able to eat the fruit of a fig tree, it must first be nurtured and cultivated.
looks after his master. If you do your job well, you will be honored.
VERSE 19. Like water reflects a face, so a man’s heart reflects the man.
Sheol and Abaddon. The New Testament describes heaven and eternal life. But what does the Old Testament say about life after death? Read more »
VERSE 21. The crucible is for silver, and the furnace for gold; but man is refined by his praise.
VERSE 22. Though you grind a fool in a mortar with a pestle along with grain, yet his foolishness will not be removed from him.
NAB translation: Take good care of your flocks, give careful attention to your herds.
Take good care of your flocks. This is great advice for any Christian who ministers to other believers. How are your people doing?
VERSE 24. for riches are not forever, nor does the crown endure to all generations.
VERSE 25. The hay is removed, and the new growth appears, the grasses of the hills are gathered in.
VERSE 26. The lambs are for your clothing, and the goats are the price of a field.
VERSE 27. There will be plenty of goats’ milk for your food, for your family’s food, and for the nourishment of your servant girls.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.