Paul greets the Christians in Rome. He longs to visit them. He is not ashamed of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. And the wrath of God is being revealed. [UPDATED]
VERSE 1. Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, set apart for the Good News of God,
Paul. This is his (new) name. It is the name he went by since becoming a Christian. Prior to that, he was called Saul of Tarsus.
a servant of Jesus Christ. Paul identifies himself as a Christian believer. Paul is in the Lord Jesus Christ.
called to be an apostle. Jesus Christ called him to be an apostle. Paul mentions this after mentioning his being a Christian believer. Being a Christian believer is more important than being an apostle.
set apart. The Greek word is ἀφωρισμένος (“aphōrismenos”). We Christians are to be holy.
for the Good News. The Greek word is εὐαγγέλιον (“euangelion”). It means the good news of Jesus Christ.
VERSE 2. which he promised before through his prophets in the holy Scriptures,
VERSE 3. concerning his Son, who was born of the offspring of David according to the flesh,
VERSE 4. who was declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the Spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead, Jesus Christ our Lord,
VERSE 5. through whom we received grace and apostleship for obedience of faith among all the nations for his name’s sake;
for obedience of faith. That is, “to bring about the obedience of faith.”
VERSE 6. among whom you are also called to belong to Jesus Christ;
VERSE 7. to all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
VERSE 8. First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for all of you, that your faith is proclaimed throughout the whole world.
your faith is proclaimed. The believers in Rome were famous for their faith.
VERSE 9. For God is my witness, whom I serve in my spirit in the Good News of his Son, how unceasingly I make mention of you always in my prayers,
I make mention of you always in my prayers. Paul prayed for the believers in Rome.
VERSE 10. requesting, if by any means now at last I may be prospered by the will of God to come to you.
VERSE 11. For I long to see you, that I may impart to you some spiritual gift, to the end that you may be established;
that I may impart to you. Paul saw himself as able to bestow spiritual gifts. However, other texts suggest that the gifts of the Holy Spirit are given supernaturally by the Holy Spirit.
some spiritual gift. Paul wanted to them to have spiritual gifts. The Holy Spirit gives special gifts to some individuals so they can serve the community of Christian believers. The Bible describes 20. Which one(s) have you been given?
VERSE 12. that is, that I with you may be encouraged in you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine.
that I with you may be encouraged. Paul wanted to encourage them in their faith-life. And he hoped they would encourage him. Many of us Christian believers need encouragement.
VERSE 13. Now I don’t desire to have you unaware, brothers, that I often planned to come to you, and was hindered so far, that I might have some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles.
VERSE 14. I am debtor both to Greeks and to foreigners, both to the wise and to the foolish.
I am debtor. That is, “I am under obligation.”
VERSE 15. So as much as is in me, I am eager to preach the Good News to you also who are in Rome.
I am eager to preach the Good News. Are you eager to proclaim Jesus Christ to people?
VERSE 16. For I am not ashamed of the Good News of Christ, because it is the power of God for salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first, and also for the Greek.
I am not ashamed. Can we say, along with St. Paul, that we are not ashamed of the gospel of Jesus Christ?
VERSE 17. For in it is revealed God’s righteousness from faith to faith. As it is written, “But the righteous shall live by faith.”
shall live by faith. We are called to live by faith.
2 Corinthians 5:7. for we walk by faith, not by sight.
VERSE 18. For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,
VERSE 19. because that which is known of God is revealed in them, for God revealed it to them.
VERSE 20. For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and divinity, that they may be without excuse.
Wisdom 13:1. For truly all men who had no perception of God were vain by nature, and didn’t gain power to know him who exists from the good things that are seen. They didn’t recognize the architect from his works.
Sirach 43:1. The pride of the height is the firmament in its clearness, The appearance of heaven, in the spectacle of its glory.
Romans 1:20. For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and divinity, that they may be without excuse.
VERSE 21. Because knowing God, they didn’t glorify him as God, and didn’t give thanks, but became vain in their reasoning, and their senseless heart was darkened.
Baruch 3:20. Younger men have seen the light, and lived upon the earth: but the way of knowledge have they not known,
VERSE 22. Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
VERSE 23. and traded the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, four-footed animals, and creeping things.
VERSE 24. Therefore God also gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to uncleanness, that their bodies should be dishonored among themselves;
VERSE 25. who exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.
VERSE 26. For this reason, God gave them up to vile passions. For their women changed the natural function into that which is against nature.
VERSE 27. Likewise also the men, leaving the natural function of the woman, burned in their lust toward one another, men doing what is inappropriate with men, and receiving in themselves the due penalty of their error.
VERSE 28. Even as they refused to have God in their knowledge, God gave them up to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not fitting;
VERSE 29. being filled with all unrighteousness, sexual immorality, wickedness, covetousness, malice; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, evil habits, secret slanderers,
VERSE 30. backbiters, hateful to God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
VERSE 31. without understanding, covenant breakers, without natural affection, unforgiving, unmerciful;
VERSE 32. who, knowing the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but also approve of those who practice them.
1 Corinthians 5:2. You are arrogant, and didn’t mourn instead, that he who had done this deed might be removed from among you.
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