The Letter to the Romans was composed by the Apostle Paul to explain that salvation is offered through the gospel of Jesus Christ.
AUTHOR. Paul the Apostle.
RECIPIENTS. Paul wrote “to all who are in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints” (Romans 1:7). They were probably both Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians.
PLACE AND DATE. Paul wrote this letter from Corinth in the late winter of 57 AD or the early spring of 58 AD.
- To announce his intention to visit Rome after his return to Jerusalem.
- To present a detailed summary of the gospel message.
- To address the tension between Gentile Christians and Jewish Christians.
THEME. It is the saving gospel of Jesus Christ (Romans 1:16). More specifically it is the righteousness from God which is revealed in that gospel and is understood and appropriated by faith (Romans 1:17).
Paul greets the Christians in Rome. He longs to visit them. He is not ashamed of the Gospel of Jesus Christ.
- Romans 1:1-7. Greetings from Paul
- Romans 1:8-15. Paul longs to visit them
- Romans 1:16-17. Paul is not ashamed of the gospel of Jesus Christ
The wrath of God is being revealed. We must not judge other people. We are to obey the Law that is written on our hearts. And we are to obey the Scriptures. God remains faithful, even though all people have sinned.
- Romans 1:18-32. The wrath of God is being revealed
- Romans 2:1-11. Don’t judge other people
- Romans 2:12-16. Obey the Law written on our hearts
- Romans 2:17-29. Obey the Scriptures
- Romans 3:1-8. God remains faithful
- Romans 3:9-20. All people have sinned
God offers righteousness based on faith. So we cannot boast about being righteous. Abraham our forefather was justified by faith, not by works of the Law. And God’s promise of offspring was granted through faith, not by the written Law.
- Romans 3:21-26. Righteousness based on faith
- Romans 3:27-31. We cannot boast about being righteous
- Romans 4:1-12. Abraham was justified by faith
- Romans 4:13-25. The promise was granted through faith
We can have peace with God through faith in Jesus Christ, even though the sin of Adam infected us all. Jesus Christ offers us grace and life.
- Romans 5:1-11. Peace with God through faith in Jesus Christ
- Romans 5:12-14. The sin of Adam infected us all
- Romans 5:15-21. Jesus Christ offers us grace and life
At our baptism, we died to sin. We were given newness of life in Jesus Christ. We should not keep on sinning. The wages of sin is death.
Paul says we believers are no longer bound by the Law in the Old Testament. However, the Law reveals our sin. And we struggle with sin.
- Romans 7:1-6. We believers are no longer bound by the Law
- Romans 7:7-13. The Law reveals our sin
- Romans 7:14-25. Our struggle with sin
Walk according to the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit intercedes for us. All things work together for good. Nothing can separate us from the love of God.
- Romans 8:1-17. Walk according to the Holy Spirit
- Romans 8:18-25. Glory will be revealed in us
- Romans 8:26-27. The Holy Spirit intercedes for us
- Romans 8:28-30. All things work together for good
- Romans 8:31-39. Nothing can separate us from the love of God.
Paul discusses God’s sovereign choice of Israel. They will always be his Chosen.
But now through Jesus Christ, Gentiles are also being Chosen. Paul wishes that all people may be saved. Righteousness is by faith. A great summary of the Christian message. Anyone can call on the Lord Jesus.
- Romans 9:30-33. Through Jesus Christ, Gentiles are also being chosen
- Romans 10:1-5. Paul wishes that all people may be saved
- Romans 10:6-7. Righteousness by faith
- Romans 10:8-11. A great summary of the Christian message
- Romans 10:12-21. Anyone can call on the Lord Jesus
God has not rejected Israel. Rather, the Gentiles are grafted onto them. His mercy is for everyone. God is doing an amazing thing!
- Romans 11:1-10. God has not rejected Israel
- Romans 11:11-24. The Gentiles are grafted onto God’s people
- Romans 11:25-32. God’s mercy is for everyone
- Romans 11:33-36. God is doing an amazing thing!
We are to offer ourselves as a living sacrifice to God. We are members of one body in Christ. The Holy Spirit gives us gifts for ministering.
- Romans 12:1-2. We are to offer ourselves as a living sacrifice to God
- Romans 12:3-5. We are members of one body in Christ
- Romans 12:6-21. The Holy Spirit gives us gifts for ministering
Paul discusses a Christian’s obligations toward secular authority figures. And he says we should owe nothing except love, for love fulfills the law.
Paul tells us to accept Christians whose diet is different than your own, as well as Christians whose observances are different than your own.
- Romans 14:1-4. Accept Christians whose diet is different than your own
- Romans 14:5-12. Accept Christians whose observances are different than your own
- Romans 14:13-26. Do not cause other people to stumble
- Romans 15:1-13. Build up other people
We Christians are to imitate the example of the Lord Jesus Christ. He supremely ministered on behalf of other people, and not to benefit himself.
Paul commends Phoebe, who is a female deacon. He greets other individuals. He tells them to avoid divisive people. And he concludes this great letter.
- Romans 16:1-2. Paul commends Phoebe, who is a female deacon
- Romans 16:3-16. Paul greets other individuals
- Romans 16:17-20. Paul tells them to avoid divisive people
- Romans 16:21-26. Paul concludes this great letter
Here are great verses to memorize from the Letter to the Romans:
Romans 1:16. For I am not ashamed of the Good News of Christ, because it is the power of God for salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first, and also for the Greek.
Romans 1:20. For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, even his everlasting power and divinity, that they may be without excuse.
Romans 2:1. Therefore you are without excuse, O man, whoever you are who judge. For in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself. For you who judge practice the same things.
Romans 2:2. We know that the judgment of God is according to truth against those who practice such things.
Romans 2:3. Do you think this, O man who judges those who practice such things, and do the same, that you will escape the judgment of God?
Romans 2:4. Or do you despise the riches of his goodness, forbearance, and patience, not knowing that the goodness of God leads you to repentance?
Romans 3:23. for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God;
Romans 3:24. being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus;
Romans 3:28. We maintain therefore that a man is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.
Romans 4:3. For what does the Scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.”
Romans 4:20. Yet, looking to the promise of God, he didn’t waver through unbelief, but grew strong through faith, giving glory to God,
Romans 4:21. and being fully assured that what he had promised, he was also able to perform.
Romans 5:8. But God commends his own love toward us, in that while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
Romans 6:4. We were buried therefore with him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life.
Romans 6:23. For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans 7:24. What a wretched man I am! Who will deliver me out of the body of this death?
Romans 7:25. I thank God through Jesus Christ, our Lord! So then with the mind, I myself serve God’s law, but with the flesh, sin’s law.
Romans 8:1. There is therefore now no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus, who don’t walk according to the flesh, but according to the Spirit.
Romans 8:11. But if the Spirit of him who raised up Jesus from the dead dwells in you, he who raised up Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through his Spirit who dwells in you.
Romans 8:16. The Spirit himself testifies with our spirit that we are children of God;
Romans 8:18. For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which will be revealed toward us.
Romans 8:28. We know that all things work together for good for those who love God, for those who are called according to his purpose.
Romans 8:31. What then shall we say about these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?
Romans 8:32. He who didn’t spare his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how would he not also with him freely give us all things?
Romans 8:35. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Could oppression, or anguish, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or peril, or sword?
Romans 8:36. Even as it is written, “For your sake we are killed all day long. We were accounted as sheep for the slaughter.”
Romans 8:37. No, in all these things, we are more than conquerors through him who loved us.
Romans 8:38. For I am persuaded that neither death, nor life, nor angels, nor principalities, nor things present, nor things to come, nor powers,
Romans 8:39. nor height, nor depth, nor any other created thing will be able to separate us from God’s love which is in Christ Jesus our Lord.
Romans 10:8. But what does it say? “The word is near you, in your mouth, and in your heart;”that is, the word of faith which we preach:
Romans 10:9. that if you will confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord, and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved.
Romans 10:10. For with the heart, one believes resulting in righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made resulting in salvation.
Romans 10:11. For the Scripture says, “Whoever believes in him will not be disappointed.”
Romans 10:13. For, “Whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved.”
Romans 10:14. How then will they call on him in whom they have not believed? How will they believe in him whom they have not heard? How will they hear without a preacher?
Romans 11:33. Oh the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and the knowledge of God! How unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past tracing out!
Romans 11:34. “For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has been his counselor?”
Romans 11:35. “Or who has first given to him, and it will be repaid to him again?”
Romans 11:36. For of him, and through him, and to him are all things. To him be the glory for ever! Amen.
Romans 12:1. Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your spiritual service.
Romans 12:2. Don’t be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may prove what is the good, well-pleasing, and perfect will of God.
Romans 12:3. For I say through the grace that was given me, to every man who is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think; but to think reasonably, as God has apportioned to each person a measure of faith.
Romans 12:4. For even as we have many members in one body, and all the members don’t have the same function,
Romans 12:5. so we, who are many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another,
Romans 12:6. having gifts differing according to the grace that was given to us: if prophecy, let’s prophesy according to the proportion of our faith;
Romans 12:7. or service, let’s give ourselves to service; or he who teaches, to his teaching;
Romans 12:8. or he who exhorts, to his exhorting; he who gives, let him do it with generosity; he who rules, with diligence; he who shows mercy, with cheerfulness.
Romans 12:9. Let love be without hypocrisy. Abhor that which is evil. Cling to that which is good.
Romans 12:10. In love of the brothers be tenderly affectionate to one another; in honor preferring one another;
Romans 12:11. not lagging in diligence; fervent in spirit; serving the Lord;
Romans 12:12. rejoicing in hope; enduring in troubles; continuing steadfastly in prayer;
Romans 12:13. contributing to the needs of the saints; given to hospitality.
Romans 12:14. Bless those who persecute you; bless, and don’t curse.
Romans 12:15. Rejoice with those who rejoice. Weep with those who weep.
Romans 12:16. Be of the same mind one toward another. Don’t set your mind on high things, but associate with the humble. Don’t be wise in your own conceits.
Romans 12:17. Repay no one evil for evil. Respect what is honorable in the sight of all men.
Romans 12:18. If it is possible, as much as it is up to you, be at peace with all men.
Romans 12:19. Don’t seek revenge yourselves, beloved, but give place to God’s wrath. For it is written, “Vengeance belongs to me; I will repay, says the Lord.”
Romans 12:20. Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed him. If he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in doing so, you will heap coals of fire on his head.”
Romans 12:21. Don’t be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good.
Romans 13:8. Owe no one anything, except to love one another; for he who loves his neighbor has fulfilled the law.
Romans 13:14. But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, for its lusts.
Romans 14:7. For none of us lives to himself, and none dies to himself.
Romans 14:8. For if we live, we live to the Lord. Or if we die, we die to the Lord. If therefore we live or die, we are the Lord’s.
Romans 14:12. So then each one of us will give account of himself to God.
Romans 14:23. But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because it isn’t of faith; and whatever is not of faith is sin.
Romans 15:5. Now the God of perseverance and of encouragement grant you to be of the same mind with one another according to Christ Jesus,
Romans 15:6 that with one accord you may with one mouth glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Romans 15:13. Now may the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope, in the power of the Holy Spirit.
Unless otherwise noted, all Bible quotations on this page are from the World English Bible and the World Messianic Edition. These translations have no copyright restrictions. They are in the Public Domain.